Sustainability and Climate Change
The Kyoto Protocol - Common but Differentiated
The Kyoto Protocol stipulates that the Clean Development
Mechanism ( CDM ) projects must assist developing
countries in achieving sustainable development ( SD ).
Mechanism ( CDM ) and Sustainable Development
The CDM, the main feature of the Kyoto
Protocol, serves not only as an instrument for combating climate change but
also as an important stimulus package to fund developing country in
sustainable development ( SD ), and an endless
source of business opportunities for corporations, through
transfer and investment.
According to the the Brundtland
is development that meets the needs of the present
without compromising the ability of future generations
to meet their own needs. It contains two key concepts:
the concept of
'needs', with top priorities to be given to the
essential needs of poor countries,
imposed by technologies and social organization on
the environment's ability to meet present and future
There is a common consensus to view the concept
of SD as encompassing three dimensions:
in view can contribute to
a developing country’s sustainable development
By exploring the
main linkages between CDM projects and their impacts in the
three dimensions of SD, host countries can design and select CDM
projects that maximizes development benefits. Examples
include energy efficiency and renewable energy initiatives,
agricultural soil protection, sustainable forestry, and energy
sector restructuring, all of which have had substantial effects
on the reductions of greenhouse gas emissions too.
Examples of Sustainable Development / Management :
Deforestation - Causes Vs Forest Services
Deforestation in many
tropical countries, results from clearing activities for subsistence
cultivation, for pastureland and logging for timber. Deforestation also
forest fires, snow disaster, mining, urbanization, infrastructure
activities and dam constructions. Deforestation is viewed as a
threat to environment.
range of potential policy approaches and positive
incentives to reduce emissions from deforestation, including
financing options, need to be explored.
Reducing forest emissions can be achieved at relatively low cost
compared with mitigation in other sectors. Since most of
deforestation occurs in developing countries, financial packages
designed to reduce deforestation simultaneously helps to
reduce poverty, promote
sustainable development and preserve other ecosystem services like
biodiversity and regional rainfall patterns. The role of communities
as environmental stewards is of particular importance
Sustainable Forest Management
great part, involves forest restorations through
afforestation, reforestation and agroforestry which in turn will
improve income streams from agriculture, protect
biodiversity, reduce soil erosion, improve water and nutrient retention, soil
quality, air quality, visibility range, health standards, etc.
Reforestation is the restocking of
existing forests and woodlands which have been depleted, with native
the primary factor increasing forest cover in China. Cumulative
areas of afforestation in China from 1949 to 2003 were 241
million ha, of which 90 million ha were eventually established as
plantation forests, i.e., about 37% of the afforested area reach
Wall of China afforestation
project by the Chinese government was implemented to
roll back desertification in Xinjiang, aiming to prevent
further expansion of the Gurbantunggut and
Taklimakan deserts to protect Beijing
from dust and pollution.
The 5,700 km project cost € 6 billion.
The success to
reduce emissions reduction via deforestation prevention
highly depends on the financial ability of a country in its
fight against the loggers and other agents of deforestation.
It is not possible to preserve the
forests without economic planning projects for the forests.
It is not possible too to prevent logging without offering sustainable economic alternatives to logging.
show that economic returns from cattle rearing is $60, from timber
logging is $400 per acre, and from
sustainable forestry harvest,
such as on herbs, nuts, fruits is $2400 on a long term basis. Thus
sustainable forestry economy is the best way to prevent the disappearance of
Meanwhile, tropical rainforest countries collaborate to reconcile forest stewardship with
economic development; partner with industrialized nations for new
and improved revenue, fair trade and
improved market access so as achieve community-based and
sustainable economic growth.
Under a scheme called Reduced
Emissions from Deforestation in Developing Countries (REDD)......
Mangrove Forests, Ecotourism and Their
Services to Mankind
- promotes conservation of ecosystems in ecologically
- supports and benefits the economies of local communities
- provides the public with a nature-based education experience
- introduces visitors to local culture
(Pic: renowned natural heritage of mangrove
forest with its unique firefly-lit 'Christmas
trees' in Kuala Selangor Malaysia)
|There is a need to adopt a
sustainable approach to
the management and utilization of precious
forest/natural resources. Sustainable ecotourism
can help in mitigating climate change, as the revenue generated from
tourist visits can be channeled into improving the livelihood of
communities, a deterrent to deforestation.
Sustainable Palm Oil
Cultivation and Climate Change
been raised over the ability of palm oil, rapeseed, soybean, sugarcane, corn and
other vegetable oil sources to fulfill the demands of both the traditional and
in a sustainable manner. They also
doubt that, in the quest for greater agriculture output, if there is definite
greenhouse gas benefits along the entire life cycle of the raw material.
The Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil ( RSPO ) is to
|Compliance in sustainability
along the entire line of production and supply,
to the world market in a clear and transparent manner.
key areas for addressing food security issues:
Increasing agricultural productivity through
drought, heat and salt resistant crop varieties,
capacity building and technology transfer;
water productivity and savings;
desertification and land degradation through projects for
soil and water conservation and re-vegetation;
Monitoring of natural resource use,
and capacity building for sustainable land management
infrastructure: roads, financial services, marketing
services and price information services;
|Engaging youth in the agricultural and
agro-processing and trading sectors to reduce
unemployment and raise education levels.
Degradation and Desertification
Can We Win Desertification?
Solving the land degradation is a very long and
tedious process, requiring very strong
commitment from all levels, especially the
full awareness and participation of the land
owners. It's far cheaper to prevention
desertification, through sustainable solutions of soil preservation and
enhancement of soil cover and soil organic, than
to recover degraded land.
Sustainable solutions include.....read
Business Solution to Climate
- Towards a low carbon
Business solution in
tackling climate change means business
To mobilize business action on climate
change, the United Nations Global Compact (UNGC), together with
United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and
the World Business
Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD) has developed:
Caring for Climate: The Business
Leadership Platform. It provides an
accounting tool for government and business to understand, quantify,
manage and report greenhouse gas emissions in an accountable and
trusted way. This accounting process helps companies to improve its portfolio of emissions and steer it
away from possible financial loss incurred as penalties under future
China to Address Climate
Sustainable Green Technologies
The Kyoto Protocol
was viewed as a golden
opportunity for China to better develop its
resource-saving techniques and industries in its efforts and
commitments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions while continuing its development
days after the adoption of the Kyoto Protocol in 1997,
drafted a national energy policy establishing to develop renewable energy
sustainable green technologies
as top priority.
It was reported that China
could be a USD 500 to USD 1 trillion a year market for the sustainable "green technologies".
Waste Management for a Sustainable Society
You Can Be A Sustainable Dave Too
and recycling policies in Japan should be models
for all industrialized countries. In Kamikatsu, residents are to
sort their garbage into 44 recycling bins!
Certain countries like Japan, Australia,
New Zealand implement revolutionary scheme of waste management
called Pay As You Throw (Japan); Throw More, Pay More
(Sydney). In common, solid wastes are charged according to
|their weight. Dumpers
understand that the more they throw, the more they are
charged; the less they throw, the less they are charged.
In New Zealand, each house owner is entitled to 26 waste bags
Landfill or gold mine?
Waste management transforms an environmental
liability into a lucrative opportunity.
In most developing
countries, due to lack of compelling legislations,
public awareness and commitments to minimize
waste generation, most wastes end up in
Landfills are different from traditional dump sites. They
are carefully constructed areas with special lining and covering
systems to contain the waste. This significantly reduces the
|respiratory and health hazards
from its environmental impacts.
Waste management transforms unhealthy
landfills into more sustainable, pleasant, healthier
living condition for a better future.
(Pictures above show complete
landscape transformation before and after landfill
In Japan's landfills, there is enough gold, silver and platinum
to propel the country into the top tier of
resource-producing countries - along with Australia,
Brazil and Canada. The millions of electronics that
are discarded each year, including televisions,
mobile phones, MP3 players and computers, have
created so-called “urban gold mines.”
references on sustainability:
Forest Management and Sustainability
Activities in Tanzania: Climateavenue
CDM in African Forests: Problems and
Renewable Energy Development in China:
Biodiversity in Malaysia - the
Kinabatangan Basin: Climateavenue
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